English: Axle-wood, Button tree, Ghatti tree.Ayurvedic: Dhava, Dhurand- hara, Shakataahya. Indravrksha (A. acuminata Wall. ex Bedd. is a related sp. of Dhava).Unani: Dhaawaa.Siddha/Tamil: Vellaynaga.Folk: Ghatti (Gum).
Action: Astringent, cooling, used in diarrhoea, dysentery, ulcers, piles, urinary disorders and dysuria. Gum—used as a tonic after delivery.
The leaves, bark and heartwood yield quinic and shikmik acids; leaves contain gallotannin (90-95% of the tannins). The young leaves and shoots contain 50% tannins (dry basis). The bark contains 12-18% tannins. Heart- wood contains gallic acid, ellagic acid, its derivatives, quercetin and myricetin.The gum is mainly the calcium salt of a complex, high molecular weight polysaccharic acid (ghattic acid). The gum is a substitute for Gum arabic.... Indian Medicinal Plants
Roxb.Synonym: D. emerginata Roxb.Family: Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat: Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Western Peninsula.
English: East Indian Rosewood, Bombay Blackwood.Ayurvedic: Shimshapaa (related sp.)Unani: Sheesham.Siddha/Tamil: Itti, Eravadi, Karun- doroiral.Folk: Sisu.
Action: Stimulant, appetiser, anthelmintic, spasmogenic. Used in dyspepsia, diarrhoea; also in obesity, cutaneous affections and leprosy.
The bark contains hentriacontane, latifolin, beta-sitosterol and tannins. EtOH (50%) extract of the bark exhibits spasmogenic, and anthelmintic activity against Ascaridia galli.... Indian Medicinal Plants